We will know about basic hair care system but first, we need to know some very basic thing about hair. The hair on your head is remarkable stuff: it is the least destructible part of your body; it is so plastic that it can stretch to one-fifth longer than its natural length, and each hair can bear a weight of around 7 ounces (200 grams). Despite this, the hair is very quick to show even the slightest neglect.
All the hair on your scalp (there are about 120,000 hairs on average) is dead tissue, so it is wrong to talk in terms of it being ‘healthy’. However, the new hair, growing from a follicle just under the surface of the scalp, is made of living cells, so a ‘healthy’ head of hair stems from a healthy scalp. And this is where hair care begins.
There are several types of hair-fine, coarse, greasy and dry and though you cannot change your hair type, there is much you can do to get the best out of it by keeping the scalp, and the hair itself, in the best possible condition.
Natural and healthy basic hair care system
By looking at the way hair grows from follicles in the scalp, we can see that the most important factor in keeping your hair in peak condition is your overall general health, since the condition of the live hair inside the scalp, before it emerges from the skin, radically affects the appearance of the dead hair.
It thus acts as a kind of ‘health barometer’, and stress, ill-health, a poor diet and bad circulation are all reflected in the hair’s appearance.
We subject our hair to all kinds of punishment, extremes of temperatures, chemical coloring or perming, harsh shampoos and brutal brushing. It’s worth remembering that hair cannot be repaired once damaged, so whatever your hair type, be gentle with it.
Learn to live with and handle your particular hair type. If it is naturally curly, have it cut so the curl becomes part of the style, and don’t torture it into shapes it will not naturally follow the same goes for straight hair.
Perms and chemical colorants, such as bleaches, can harm the hair, so use them with care, or as infrequently as possible.
How to shampoo your hair
Wash hair as often as it needs it. In the case of greasy hair, this may be every day, or every other day, since greasy hair picks up dirt a lot faster than dry hair regularly either leaving it for more than a week between washes can make the condition worse because the scalp becomes clogged with dead skin cells that prevent a sebum reaching the hair at all.
Choose a good shampoo-one that cleans hair but will not strip it of essential oils.
Most shampoos are better diluted, but be careful of the ones formulated for greasy hair as they are often over-harsh. Massage the scalp gently, and rinse thoroughly with a shampoo spray the water should be warm but not hot.
A conditioning rinse used after a shampoo neutralizes the slightly alkaline state the hair has been left in after cleansing, makes it easier to comb, and helps to criminate the common problem of ‘flyaway’ hair.
There are conditioners to suit all types of hair from oil-free for greasy hair, to extra duty oils and waxes for very dry hair.
Handle with care
Hair is at its most fragile when it is wet, so take care to comb wet hair gently, starting at the tips and working back to the roots.
Remember to use a wide-toothed comb or brush with rounded plastic bristles. Always blot wet hairs with a towel don’t rub or pull it. If you can, allow hair to dry naturally, without using a dryer.
If you do use a hairdryer, choose one with two heat settings and dry as much a of the hair as possible using the lowest setting, leaving it very slightly damp when you damaging if used incorrectly don’t direct the heat nearer that six inches from the hair, and keep the stream of air moving constantly.
Coping with hair problems
Very greasy hair is basically due to a hormonal problem which causes the sebaceous glands to become overactive and produce too much sebum.
There is a no scientific evidence that anything applied externally, for instance, lotions or shampoos, can reduce the old supply since this is an internal condition.
There is no evidence either that diet, massage, and hot or cold water have any effect on the flow of sebum. Very greasy hair is almost always accompanied by a greasy skin type, so a fringe or hair around the tempos will collect grease from the skin as will as the scalp.
Excessive combing or fiddling with greasy hair encourages the sebum to travel through the hair faster, so, apart from washing hair often and carefully, greasy hair should be worn in an easy-to-manage, well cut style.
Light perming can help here because it lifts the hair slightly away from the scalp, making it less easy for the sebum to travel up the hair shaft.
Very dry hair may be caused by a hereditary or a hormonal problem as in the case of greasy hair or it can be brought on through overuse of heated rollers, hot hair dryers, perms, and bleaches.
You can protect dry hair from further damage by using very mild shampoos and good quality conditioners, and by having your hair trimmed regularly. A once-weekly hot oil treatment also works well for dry scalps use warmed olive or almond old and massage it carefully into the scalp and hair.
Leave the old on overnight, if possible, by covering the hair with a plastic bath cap and a toweling turban. Wash the oil off the next day by applying diluted shampoo directly to the scalp before adding any water.
Dandruff, it is generally accepted, comes in two distinct varieties. The type medically known as pityriasis capitals is the simple kind and consists of white dry flakes falling from this than others, but it is basically to do with the rate at which the scalp sheds its dry skin cells. This depends very much on the health and diet of each individual and is also stress-related.
Often, it can be cleared up by paying more attention to hair hygiene, using shampoo more often, it can be cleared up by paying more attention to hair hygiene, using shampoo more often, rinsing the hair very carefully after shampooing, brushing gently to rid the hair of the trapped cells and massaging the scalp.
If a simple routine like this doesn’t work, the condition can be controlled with an anti dandruff shampoo which slows down the rate at which the cells are shed from the scalp.
When the scalp is very greasy, simple dandruff can lead to the second type, known as seborrhea dermatitis, which is thick, oily, scaly, crusted and weeping.
This condition almost always needs medical care and attention, but if it is fairly mild you can treat it yourself with a special dandruff preparation from the chemists.
These preparations may be poisonous or inflammable, as great care should be taken in following the correct procedure for using them.
Because not a great deal is known about this king of dandruff, and because it is so often related to internal factors, it is always worth seeking a doctor’s it is always worth seeking a doctor’s advice if these preparations do not give good results within a couple of weeks.
The well-groomed male
Good grooming and an attractive appearance start with the hair. A good cut which takes it account type and texture of the hair can do wonders, especially if your hair is unruly. You need only blow it dry or leave it to dry naturally and it will fall into place, which is important if you have greasy hair.
Daily shaving may sometimes be a bore, but it is beneficial to the skin because the action of the razor takes away all the dead skin cells lying on the skin’s surface, as well as chopping off the whiskers.
But sometimes a man’s skin may develop a ‘razor rash’ and this is often caused by an allergic reaction to the fragrance in a particular soap or shaving foam.
Or, it may be that the skin was not properly ‘prepared’ beforehand. The skin should always be thoroughly dampened and softened before shaving to prevent irritation, and if an electric razor is used, special pre-shave lotions are available.
Very sensitive skins may also require moisturizing after shaving, and this is where after-shave balms can help.
Tougher skins will benefit from the bracing effect of after-shave lotions or tonic designed to tone up the skin and close pores.
Caring for beards and mustaches
Beards and mustache need to be trimmed regularly and carefully, and washed with soap, massaged firmly in to loosen the dead skin cells that can cause beard dandruff’.
Beards and mustaches should be cut to suit the shape of the face, and the best person to do this is the barber. Once the shape is right, you can trim it yourself at home with a pair of sharp long-bladed hairdressing scissors.
Hairs should be kept even and the same length all over, and ‘stragglers’ that spoils the line should be cut off or shaved away.
A sparse beard and mustache will look thicker if they are kept short. Sometimes beard growth is quite different in color from the rest of the hair in extreme cases, the beard could be tinted to match but this really needs a professional’s skill to get it just right.
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