Brief Biography of Akbar the Great (The Mughal Emperor)

Akbar the Great is still now the most famous historical event in most parts of Asia. A small biography of Akbar the Great is given.

  • Full Name: Abu’l-Fath Jalal Uddin Muhammad Akbar
  • Father: Nasir Uddin Muḥammad (mostly known as Humayun)
  • Mother: Hamida Banu Begum (Also known as Maryam Makani)
  • Dynasty: Timurid; Mughal
  • Predecessor: Humayun
  • Successor: Jahangir
  • Coronation: February 14, 1556
  • Reign: February 14, 1556 – October 27, 1605
  • Born: October 15, 1542
  • Died: 27 October 1605 (he was 63 years old)
  • Burial: Sikandra, Agra
  • Parents: Humayun (Father) and Hamida Banu Begum (Mother)
  • Religion: Islam (Sunni); Din-i-Ilahi
  • Spouse: 36 chief wives and 3 chief consorts – Ruqaiya Sultan Begum, Heera Kunwari, and Salima Sultan Begum
  • Children: Hassan, Hussain, Jahangir, Murad, Daniyal, Aram Banu Begum, Shaker-un-Nissa Begum, Khanum Sultan Begum.
  • Biography: Akbarnama; Ain-i-Akbari
  • Mausoleum: Sikandra, Agra
Biography of Akbar the Great
Biography of Akbar the Great

Akbar (Akbar the Great), his full name was Abu’l-Fath Jalal Uddin Muhammad Akbar. He born on Oct 15, 1542, and died on Oct. 16, 1605, the third Mogul emperor of India, is considered one of the greatest Indian rulers. The son of Emperor Humayun and originally named Jalal Uddin Muhammad, he ascended the throne of Delhi on Feb. 15, 1556, and ruled under a regency until 1560.

His position was immediately confirmed by the defeat of the Afghan claimant to the throne at Panipat on Nov. 5, 1556, which firmly reestablished the Mogul dynasty on the throne of Delhi.

Akbar set out to unite all India under Mogul rule. Akbar first set up his court at Agra and then in 1569 built the royal city of Fatehpur-Sikri, which was his capital from 1570 to 1585. He began consolidating his power in northern India by annexing Malwa (1562), and by 1595 he had taken Gujarat, Bihar, part of Bengal, Kabul, Kashmir, Sind, and Baluchistan.

He moved toward the south in 1596 with the occupation of Berar. He took Khandesh and Ahmadnagar in 1600, but further conquests were thwarted by a rebellion led by his son, Salim.

Akbar moved his court to Lahore in 1585 and returned it to Agra in 1599. In his attempt to unite India, he took Hindu chiefs (particularly the Rajputs) into his administration and otherwise sought to conciliate Hindu interests. He established a fair tax system and a uniform system of weights and measures, developed trade, and practiced religious tolerance.

Although illiterate himself, he surrounded himself with scholars and promulgated a religion, the Din-i-ILahi (Divine Faith), a blend of Islam, Hinduism, and other traditions. He also kept a Jesuit mission at his court.

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