Jawaharlal Nehru was the first prime minister of India. Jawaharlal Nehru biography can teach us many things.
Some basic information about Nehru
- Born: 14 November 1889
- Birthplace: Allahabad, North-Western Provinces, British India, (present-day Uttar Pradesh, India)
- Died: 27 May 1964 (aged 74), New Delhi, India
- Cause of death: Heart attack
- Political party: Indian National Congress
- Spouse(s): Kamala Nehru (m. 1916; d. 1936)
- Children: Indira Gandhi
- Father: Motilal Nehru
Mother: Swaruprani Thussu
- Occupation: Politician, Barrister, writer,
- Awards: Bharat Ratna (1955)
Jawaharlal Nehru biography
Jawaharlal Nehru, born on Nov. 14, 1889, and died on May 27, 1964, was the first prime minister of independent India and, with his mentor, Mahatma Gandhi, one of the two most influential political figures in that country in the 20th century. He was born at Allahabad, the son of Motilal Nehru (1861-1931), a lawyer who was also to be prominent in the nationalist movement. Nehru’s childhood was one of privilege: he was tutored at home and then studied in England at Harrow School and Trinity College, Cambridge. He was admitted to the English bar and returned to India very westernized. There he married (1916) Kamala Kaul; their only child, Indira, was to become prime minister of India in 1966.
Nehru met Mohandas Gandhi in 1916 at an Indian National Congress party meeting. From then on, their lives were intertwined, although they differed
on several points, largely because Nehru’s international outlook clashed with Gandhi’s more narrowly Indian views. Like Gandhi, Nehru became active in
nationalist politics after the Amritsar massacre of 1919. Throughout the 1920s, however, his father was more prominent than he was.
The younger Nehru became a leader of the more radical wing of the Congress party, and in 1929 he was elected party president. Repeatedly arrested by the British for civil disobedience strikes and other political actions, he spent half of the next 18 years in jail. After World War 2 he participated in the negotiations that eventually created the separate states of India and Pakistan, a partition of the Indian subcontinent between Hindus and Muslims that Gandhi refused to accept. When independence came on Aug. 15, 1947, Nehru became prime minister of India.
Leading his country through the difficult transition period, Nehru had to cope with the influx of Hindu refugees from Pakistan, the problem of integrating the princely states into the new federal structure, and war with Pakistan (1948) over Kashmir and with China (1962). In international affairs he pursued a policy of strict nonalignment, a difficult course in the cold-war years; his neutralism broke down, however, when he asked for Western aid during the Sino-Indian conflict. A firm upholder of democratic socialism at home, Nehru remained immensely popular in India. In January 1964, after 17years in office, he suffered a stroke. He died four months later. Nehru was the author of many books, including an autobiography, Toward Freedom (1941).