A nineteenth-century novelist and playwright who wrote for over 50 years on history and Islamic beliefs. He used satire to criticize wrongs in society. He has a statue erected to him in Kolkata. Let’s know the brief life history of Mir Mosharraf Hossain.
Birth and family
Mir Mosharraf Hossain is a well-known novelist, playwright, essayist, and journalist of the nineteenth century. He was born in a zamindar family in 1847 AD at Lahiripara of Kushtia. All about Mir Mosharraf Hossain’s life can be found in his autobiography Amar Jiboni (My Life) and his wife’s biography, Bibi Kulsum.
Mir Mosharraf Hossain’s early education began at home where he was taught Arabic and Persian. He learned Bangla at a pathshala (village school). His formal education took place at Kushtia School and Krishanagar Collegiate School. Later on, he was admitted to Kolkata Kalighat School but could not complete his studies.
Religious Themes of Mir Mosharraf Hossain
Hossain started writing when he was a boy of thirteen or fourteen and kept writing until his death. His contribution to Bangla literature is significant for a number of reasons. He mostly wrote on popular themes in the history and belief of Islam.
His Bishad Shindhu, in which he narrates the tragic tale of the battle of Karbala, is considered to be a masterpiece. His other works focusing on the life and history of Muslim people include Moulud Sharif, Hajrat Omarer Dharmajiban Labh, Bibi Khodejar Bibaha and Madinar Gaurab.
While Hossain focused on religious themes, he was equally interested in the everyday life of his fellow countrymen. For instance, his Zamindar Darpan was written was written against the background of the peasant uprising against the landlords in Sirajganj 1872-73.
He was also critical, in his book Gokul Nirmul Ashonka, of the excessive Zeal in the killing of cows as he feared that this could have an adverse effect on agriculture.
Another important contribution of Hossain was made in the successful use of satire in which he exposed the follies and vices prevalent in the contemporary society. His best-known satires are Udashin Pathiker, Moner Kotha and Gazi Miar Bostani.
Hossain also worked for newspapers as a journalist. He was a reporter for Sangbad Prabhakar, a newspaper from Kolkata and Grambarta Prakashika, a paper from Kumarkhali.
He later edited two newspapers called Azizannehar and Hitakari. He often wrote under the pseudonym, Mosha. He also wrote textbooks, such as Musalmaner Bangla Shikha.
Mir Mosharraf Hossain died on 19 December 1912. A few years after his death, a statue of him was created at the Bangiyo Sahitya Parishad building in Kolkata.
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