There are some elements of power. These elements may be described by dividing into five classes. However, the following elements are present in power:
Elements of power in organization
Politics: Politics or politicking is always present in every organization whether large-or small. People indulge in politics not only as individuals but more often. They get divided into blocks, camps, cliques or groups: Its intensity increases as the issue concerned assumes the importance from the concerned party’s point of view and if there is a fairly good chance of turning the decision in favor of the party.
People playing politics are engaged in content for power and ethics and goals have no concern with them. They play an opportunistic role and expediency is their motto. Dalton identified sic major areas in which such politics is played in spite of various problem in that area:
- Pressures for economy
- Cooperation of officially powerless experts
- Conflicts between labor and management for interpreting agreements;
- Uncertainties about standards and strategies of promotion
- Difficulty in linking reward with productivity; and
- Practicality of politics.
Inducement of force to mould the behavior: The demonstration of power occurs when an individual induces force on another person to mould his behavior according to his choice. It means that there is no evidence of power unless it is exercised.
External Environment: External environment casts serious influence on organization which is constantly responding and adjusting to it. Thus, the expression of power, is affected not only by internal organizational elements; but is also induced by the external forces like banks, insurance companies, government agencies which came in contact with the business organization arid, influence the decision making power of the organization. The earlier, the external forces enter into a decision making process, the grater the influence they have.
Related Content of Organizational Power:
- What is the Meaning of Organizational Power?
- Two Faces of Power Proposed by David McClelland
- Theories of Organizational Power
- Tactical Dimensions or Strategies of Power
- Advantages and Disadvantages of Autocratic Leadership
- Advantages and Disadvantages of Democratic Leadership
- What is the Definition of Authority?
- What are the Characteristics of Authority?
- Difference between Power, Authority and Influence
- Difference between Power and Authority
- Importance of Power in an Organization
- Sources of Power in an Organization
- Forms of Power in an Organization
- Measurement of Power in an Organization
- Disadvantages of Individual Power
- Impact of Power on Others
- Unequal Power in a Team