Who Discovered the ‘Silver Mountains’?

Do you know who discovered the ‘Silver Mountains’? Let’s know the great history of discovering the Silver Mountains. In 1516, one of three Spanish ships which were exploring the coast of what is now southern Brazil ran aground on the incredibly beautiful island of Santa Catarina. Most of the crew was able to reach the shore and they made a settlement under their leader, Alejo Garcia.

They were visited by natives who told them of mountains to the east which were rich in silver. Garcia immediately decoded to go and look for these mountains. He set out with four companions on a fantastically difficult journey.

After crossing the unexplored Parana warding off hostile Indians, they found they had covered 3,200 km to the Andes. Garcia allied himself with a tribe of Indians who were deadly enemies of another tribe which lived in the area of the silver mountains.

An attack was made and Garcia and his comrades made off with sacks full of articles made from solid silver. They managed to reach the River Paraguay again but Garcia got no further. He was murdered by his Indian ‘allies’.

Who Discovered the ‘Silver Mountains’
Shipwrecked Spaniards on Santa Catarina.

Who conquered the Incas?

Long before the first Spaniards arrived in the New World, a great empire existed in the Andes Mountains. The borders of this empire spread into what is now Peru, Ecuador and parts of Chile and Argentina. This was the Inca empire, with its capital at Cuzco, the Sacred City of the Sun.

It has a civilization in some ways more advanced than that of Europe, with magnificent buildings, paved roads and a population of many millions, every-one of whom had a place within the state. About 1523 the Inca ruler died and a pretender, Atahualpa, seized the true heir and claimed the throne.

The country was in a state of confusion when news came of an army of white men that was advancing from the coast commanded by a Spanish adventurer, Francisco Pizarro. He led an army of only 108 men with 62 horses, but with this tiny force he eventually overthrew the great Inca Empire.

(Right) In this ransom room, gold was stacked 2 m high. (Left) Atahualpa is garotted on the orders of Pizarro.
(Right) In this ransom room, gold was stacked 2 m high.
(Left) Atahualpa is garotted on the orders of Pizarro.

He captured Atahualpa by a trick and said he would be released only if a large room was filled with gold. Although this was done, Pizarro did not keep his word and the Inca was garotted. Without their leader, Indian resistance virtually collapsed, Pizarro claimed control and won enormous wealth.


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