There are many ways in which people abuse their bodies eating too much food, simply because it’s there, smoking and drinking to excess, and ignoring the body’s need for regular exercise. Such abuse, especially if it happens day after day, can quickly lead to ill health and premature deterioration of the body’s systems. While modern living, in many ways, encourages us to live like this, it is wise to keep a weather-eye open to the possible long-term effects by knowing exactly what constitutes body abuse and what the body can, and cannot, stand. Let’s know the dangers of overeating, stress, alcohol, smoking and consumer drugs so that, we can avoid this bad habit.
Dangers of overeating
The plentiful supply and general availability of food today means we eat less in response to the body’s demands and more in response to the body’s demands and more in response to social habit, so much so, that in many western countries, overeating has now become a feature of life.
When the body takes in more food than it needs, the excess can be burned away by taking exercise, but if this does not happen, the surplus in stored as fat. This an eventually lead to obesity, the effects of which extend far beyond just being overweight.
Obesity causes strain on the skeleton especially the joints in the knees, hips and back and can cause it to degenerate. The muscles of the abdomen may become weakened, leading to hernias, and the circulation of the legs may be impaired, causing varicose veins.
Obese people more frequently develop diabetes, gall stones and skin infections than slimmer people. And high blood pressure, high levels of cholesterol (a chemical produced by the breakdown of fats) in the blood and, as a result, thickening of the wells of the arteries (arteriosclerosis) are often associated with obesity and are often associated with obesity and are all major factors contributing to heart disease.
Dangers of stress
Stress is necessary for survival without it we could not react to danger, meet challenges at work, or enjoy leisure. A measure of anxiety and tension helps us in our daily lives, but too much stress impairs achievement and leads to exhaustion.
When a person is prevented from releasing tensions for any length of time, the body will protest and he or she may eventually become ill as a result. Psychologists now recognize the persistent stress can have profound and sometimes damaging effects on the body, often making it vulnerable to infection.
But for some people stress seem to be the spice of life in fact most people enjoy the heady excitement of being just a little envious but others are more sensitive and may be upset by mere criticism or scared by certain social situations.
There has been an alarming rise in the consumption of pills alcohol and other drugs to relieve stress but the side effects of these means of escape bring further problems. So how can you help yourself to avoid stress?
You must be able to gauge how much you can tolerate to recognize fatigue points and to have the courage to say. No sometimes without guilt when demands are excessive keeping fit making time for recreation and exercise and planning for adequate sleep help to ease stress.
Sometimes it may be necessary to change the stressful environment. This may mean changing your job accepting slightly lower paid but more satisfying work or moving house and perhaps leading a different social life.
Many of the problems that lead to excessive stress can often be solved with the help of friends who will listen to you sympathetically. Or you may prefer to talk things over with your doctor or a counselor. No one should be ashamed of seeking help. The very act of talking about a problem can be therapeutic.
Dangers of alcohol
While drinking in moderation is socially acceptable and is even considered by some to be beneficial drinking to excess can be dangerous even fatal. In addition to the social problem which may arise if a person progresses from social drinking to heavy drinking alcohol taken regularly in excess causes a variety of physical diseases.
Alcohol is broken down by the liver but if the intake is excessive the liver become overburdened and alcohol hepatitis may occur. Damage caused by this disease may be reversible if the alcohol intake is reduced but left un treated it can lead to permanent damage and scarring of the liver (cirrhosis) and cancer of the liver: both are common causes of death among alcoholics.
The heart is also put at risk by excessive drinking. The heart muscle can be weakened or the rhythm control disturbed, which can lead to heart failure. Additionally the production of blood cells may be decreased and many of the body’s metabolic processes deranged. Frequently the harmful effects of alcohol are made even worse because alcohol depresses the appetite and this in turn may lead to poor eating habits.
In pregnant women excessive drinking has also been linked with damage to the unborn fetus and can result in reduced growth and impaired development of the fetus as well as a increasing the risk of congenial abnormalities.
Alarmingly this occurs not only in babies born to chronic female alcoholics but also to those women who drink to excess only infrequently and then stop drinking altogether for a period of time.
Dangers of smoking
Most regular smokers are well aware of the dangers of smoking but tobacco addiction is so strong that even knowing the harm it’s doing doesn’t prevent most people from giving up the physical of smoking include stimulating the heart causing it to beat faster increasing blood pressure and constricting blood vessels in the skin giving a tingling sensation in the fingers.
These effects are strongest when one first stats smoking but become less noticeable with time regularly inhaling smoke increases the risk of infections such as bronchitis pneumonia and damage to the elasticity of the lungs (emphysema).
Smoking can also damage blood vessels leading to thickening and hardening of the arteries which apart from increasing the risk of heart disease may contribute to coronary thrombosis. As well as being more prone to lung cancer smokers are also more likely to suffer from cancer of the gullet (esophagus) and smoking can also aggravate stomach and digestive system problems.
Smoking during pregnancy can restrict the growth of the fetus and increasing the chance of still birth. There is now also increasing evidence that smokers do not only because harm to their own health but endangers the health of non-smokers around them who are forced to live or work in a smoke-filled atmosphere. For example a non-smoker will inhale some tar and nicotine and the level of carbon monoxide in his or her blood will rise.
Dangers of consumer drugs
One of the most socially accepted drugs is caffeine a stimulant found in tea coffee and many soft sweets drinks. It produces alertness and a feeling of sweet drinks. It produces alertness and a feeling of well being while relieving fatigue. Ill-effects are rare, but excessive prolonged intake may cause symptoms of anxiety with tremors, sleeplessness and confusion.
A wide variety of drugs is available for relieving pain and easing discomfort and, if use incorrectly, these too can be harmful. One of the most commonly used of these is aspirin, and, while it is an extremely valuable and useful drug, it is not without side effects.
It can irritate the lining of the stomach and intestines, and may produce ulcer like erosions and bleeding. Large doses over a long period of time can intersperse with the blood’s ability to clot and an overdose produces vomiting, ringing in the ears, deafness and agitation. A large overdose may be fatal.
Care should be exercised when taking any medicine that has not been prescribed by a doctor, and the recommended doses should not be exceeded without medical advice. Any symptoms which persist, or recur frequently, require investigation. You should not try to relieve them by simply relying on pain-killers.
To help cope with the strain of living, many doctors prescribe sedatives, tranquillizers and anti depressants, all of which can be of great benefit but they can also cause serious side-effects if not used correctly. For safety and maximum benefit, the directions for use, precautions and anticipated effects, including side-effects, should be clearly understood and discussed beforehand with the prescribing doctor.
Making every effort to take care of your body is worthwhile both for your physical and emotional well-being. Drinking and eating in moderation, together with a regular exercise programme, can go a long way towards not only extending your lifespan, but also ensuring that your way of life is not restricted by ill health.
You may like also
- Five most effective evergreen health foods
- 6 health benefits of green tea which enhance beauty
- Why proteins, Fats, Carbohydrates, Minerals, Vitamins and Fibre are essential for health
- Daily Body Care Routine for a Fit Body
- Ideal Height and Weight Chart for Men and Women