Most authors do not make any difference between training and development. But in some cases, we find the difference between these two terms. The points of such distinction are shown below:
Before knowing the difference between them we should know what is exactly training and development is. Let’s know first what is training
According to Dale S. Beach training is ‘the organized procedure by which people learn knowledge and/or skill for a definite purpose’.
And Edwin Flippo defines training as ‘training is the act of increasing the skills of an employee for doing a particular job’.
On the other hand development is
According to Cambridge Dictionary ‘Development is the process in which someone or something grows or changes and becomes more advanced’
Gary Dessler defines development as ‘Any attempt to improve current or future management performance by imparting knowledge, changing attitude, or increasing skills.’
Difference between training and development
|Period||Training is present-day oriented.||Development is future day oriented.|
|Participates||Training programs are arranged for employees.||Development is programs are Arranged for the executive.|
|Level||It is a lower-level learning program.||It is a higher-level program.|
|Area||Training is imbibed for enhancing much more skills and knowledge of the employees.||Development is imbibed for enhancing specific skills knowledge to the executives|
|Changed||The skills level is changed through training.||The behavior level is changed through development.|
Irrespective of whether we are involved in employee training or employee development, the same outcome is required. That is we are attempting to help individuals learn. It can be shown in the following picture taken from Koontz’s Management.
Relationships between Education, Training, and Development.
From the above figure, we can conclude that education is a broad process, training is the less broad process and development is a very limited process of learning.
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