The nature and purpose of organizing is different according to its goal and other factors. This is the most important fact for every kind of organization.
Nature and purpose of organizing
It is often said that if planning is the work of the head, organizing is the work of the hand. In this sense, organizing is understood as a process involving the assembling of resources in a harmonious whole in order to achieve the desired goal.
Nature of organizing
Organizing indicates a major function of management whereas, by the organization, we may mean an entity/enterprise. So, organizations may be treated as systems created to achieve a set of goals through people-to-people and people-to-people work relationships.
Each system has its own external and internal environments that define the nature of those relationships. Each system has its own external and internal environments that define the nature of those relationships according to their specific needs.
A hospital, for example, has organizational needs that are different from those of a university, which are again different from those of a museum. Organizing is what managers do when they design, structure, and arrange the components of an organization’s internal environment to facilitate the attainment of organizational goals.
For example: To meet its goal of delivering high-quality health care, a hospital may organize both in and out-patient facilities, locate its emergency room and trauma center on the first floor of the building to prevent delays in treating critical patients, prepare meal schedules, provide room cleaning services, and so forth.
Organizing creates the vehicle needed to reach a company’s goals. Playing a meaningful organizational role involves having
- Verifiable objectives,
- A clear idea of the major duties or activates involved, and
- An understood area of discretion or authority so that the person filling the role knows what he or she can do to accomplish goals.
Organizing, therefore, means
- Identification and classification of required activities,
- Grouping activities necessary to attain objectives,
- The assignment of each grouping to a manager with the appropriate authority to supervise it; and
- The provision for co-ordination horizontally (on the same or similar organizational levels) and vertically (among different levels, for example, among corporate headquarters, divisions, and departments) in the organization structure.
Purpose of organizing
An organization structure should be designed to clarify who is to do what tasks and who is responsible for what results, to remove obstacles to performance caused by confusion and uncertainty of assignment, and to furnish decision-making and communication networks reflecting and supporting enterprise objectives.
An organization structure clarifies who is to do what tasks.
“Organization” is a word which people use somewhat loosely. Chester Barnard has put forward a good general definition of organization.
According to Chester Barnard organization is “a system of consciously co-ordinate activities or forces of two or more persons.”
To make it more comprehensive, an organization may be defined as the rational coordination of the activities of a number of people for the achievement of some common explicit purpose or goal through the division of labor and function, and through a hierarchy of authority and responsibility.
The organization is a system of consciously co-ordinate activates or forces of two or more persons.
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