7 Major Barriers to International Trade

International trade is the most important and most profitable business nowadays but there are some barriers to international trade. For desiring to enter into international trade, we face some obstacles and those are discussed below:

Barriers to international trade

  1. Cultural and social barriers: A nation’s cultural and social forces can restrict international business. Culture consists of a country’s general concept and values and tangible items such as food, clothing, building etc. Social forces include family, education, religion and custom. Selling products from one country to another country is sometimes difficult when the culture of two countries differ significantly.
  2. Political barriers The political climate of a country plays a major impact on international trade. Political violence may change the attitudes towards the foreign firms at any time. And this impact can create an unfavorable atmosphere for international business.
  3. Tariffs and trade restrictions: Tariffs and trade restrictions are also the barriers to international trade. They are discussed below:
    • Tariffs: A duty or tax, levied on goods brought into a country. Tariffs can be used to discourage foreign competitors from entering a digestive market. Import tariffs are two types-protective tariffs and revenue Tariffs.
    • Quotas A limit on the amount of a product that can leave or enter a country.
    • Embargoes: A total ban on certain imports or exports.

      Barriers to international trade

      Barriers to international trade

  4. Boycotts: A government boycott is an absolute prohibition on the purchase and importation of certain goods from other countries. For example, Nestle products were boycotted y a certain group that considered the way nestle promoted baby milk formula to be misleading to mothers and harmful to their babies in fewer development countries.
  5. Standards: Non-tariff barriers of this category include standards to protect health, safety and product quality. The standards are sometimes used in an unduly stringent or discriminating way to restrict trade.
  6. Anti-dumping Penalties: It is one kind of practice whereby a producer intentionally sells its products for less than the cost of the product in order to undermine the competition and take control of the market.
  7. Monetary Barriers There are three such barriers to consider:
    • Blocked currency: Blocked currency is used as a political weapon is response to difficult balance payments situation. Blockage is accomplished by refusing to allow importers to exchange their national currency for the seller’s currency.
    • Differential exchange rate: The differential exchange rate is a particularly ingenious method of controlling imports. It encourages the importance of goods the government deems desirable and discourage importation of goods the government does not want. The essential mechanism requires the importer to pay the varying amount of domestic currency for foreign currency with which to purchase products in different categories. Such as desirable and less desirable products.
    • Government approval for securing foreign exchange: Countries experiencing severe shortages of foreign exchange often use it. At one time or another, most Latin American and East European countries have required all foreign exchange transactions to be approved by the central bank. Thus importers who want to buy foreign goods must apply of ran exchange permit that is permission to exchange an amount of local currency for foreign currency.

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8 comments for “7 Major Barriers to International Trade

  1. amena khatun
    April 22, 2016 at 2:13 AM

    its helpful for me. thank you.

  2. Elvis Gijima
    October 4, 2016 at 12:48 PM

    It gives us more clear concept regarding international trade barriers, good job.
    Thanks

  3. Tony
    October 15, 2016 at 11:38 AM

    Good job I am able to finish a part of my assignment with it.

    • rasel
      October 17, 2016 at 4:43 AM

      Thanks, Tony, we are happy to help you.

  4. Marion L. Fore
    November 24, 2016 at 1:30 PM

    This article helps me to clear my all doubts about international trades. Thanks.

  5. Bright
    February 5, 2017 at 10:05 PM

    Thanks…it help me

    • rasel
      February 7, 2017 at 6:37 AM

      Thanks for being with us

  6. manjit
    February 15, 2017 at 11:43 AM

    Thanx for sharing this very much helpful article

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