There are several types of changes, which may occur for achieving objectives. These types of changes are as follows:
Types of change
1. Reactive Change: Reactive change is a piecemeal response to circumstance as they develop. Reactive change occurs hurriedly; the potential for poorly conceived and executive change is increased.
2. Planned Change: Planned change is a change that is designed and executed in an orderly and timely manager for the achievement of future objectives.
Steps in the Change Process
A change process follows some steps. These steps start from the recognition of the need for change to the evaluation of outcomes. In the following paragraphs, the various steps for change may be discussed in short and maybe shown below:
1. Recognition of the need for change: There may be a need for change but it is not recognized by the authority, that change cannot take place. The need for change should be recognized first.
2. Establishment of goals: At the second stage, goals of change are to be established. Because without a goal, the whole change process cannot be completed. The establishment of goals can increase the speed of change.
3. Diagnosis of relevant variables: Some variables are supposed to be identified at this stage of the change process, if the diagnosis is correct, change activities may be completed as per proper direction.
4. Selection of appropriate technique: At the fourth stage of the change process, appropriate methods are to be selected. The success of the change process depends on the proper selection of the right method of change.
5. Planning for implementations of change: How the change will be implemented, a concrete plan must be designed. This is one of the most important stages of change. The implementation of the plan should be perfect. A good plan may sometimes reduce the loss.
6. Actual implementation: After formulating the implementation plan, the next step is to execute that plan, Successful implementation can ensure the expected outcome of change.
7. Evaluation and follow-up: This stage of the change process deals with whether a change has brought expected results or not. The results of the change can be measured at this stage. If any lapse is seen, that can help the planners to revise the change plan.
The above stages along with the figure have been adopted from R.W griffins book Management. An organization can follow these stages for making any change expected.
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