Employee morale refers to the state of mind suitable to work with minimum rejection. Hire the level of employee morale better the volume and quality of production.Â Factors that generate and the environment favorable for raising high morale among the employees are grouped into five and this five factors affecting employee morale with their subtopic are presented here:
Factors affecting employee morale
A. Satisfaction with working conditions
- Adequacy of equipment
- Reasonable hours of work
- Adequacy of working conditions
- Absence of physical and mental pressures
- Effects of these conditions on work efficiency
B. Satisfaction with financial reward
- Adequacy of payment
- Effectiveness of personnel policies with respect to payment
- Benefit programs and pay in comparison with other companies.
C. Confidence in management
- Interest in employees
- Employee benefit policies
- Management’s organizing ability
- Adequacy of two-way communications
D. Opinion about immediate supervisor
- Supplying adequate equipment
- How well he organize his work
- Emphasizing proper training
- Treating employees fairly
- Keeping his promises
- Giving his promises
- His knowledge of the job
- Interest in employee welfare
- Ability to get things done on time
- Making employees work together
- Letting employees know what is expected
E. Satisfaction with self-development
- Growth on the job
- Feeling of belonging
- Pride in the company
- Feeling of participation
- Pride in doing something worthwhile
Others factors affecting employee morale
Maintaining good morale is critical for any organization. An industry experiencing high confidence also benefits from fewer work hours lost to unscheduled days off, and excellent productivity from representatives satisfied with their company. Low assurance can cause additional expenses, such as residential turnover and a drop in a product. It is important to understand the factors that affect morale in an organization.
Changes in Management
Employees can become accustomed to the practices and processes of a particular manager, and when there is a change in administration that can have an effect on confidence. It can also depend on the circumstances that caused the difference. If a manager was perceived to be efficient and appreciated by workers, then letting that manager go without expression can have an adverse effect on morale. Try to offer a statement to employees on why a manager is no longer with the company, and then encourage the staff to move on with the manager’s replacement. If there is no explanation, then rumors can make it difficult for the incoming replacement to implement his ideas and plans because speculation as to the fate of the outgoing manager has altered employee focus.
Employee morale is affected by the possibilities and recognition that the company offers, according to Human Nature At Work. If an employee can be recognized for their efforts in a promotion or raise, then the rest of the employee population sees that the company does reward hard work. Morale can be negatively increased if employees feel that the firm allows no career path with advancement, and if the company does not offer some reward for employee loyalty and dedication.
Confidence in Management
If employees feel that company management is competent, then the morale of the group remains high as employee prospects of business success remain intact. When management proves to be incompetent, then the entire system can suffer from a drop in morale that can be counter-productive. Psychology expert A. J. Schuler recommends offering workers ways to voice their anonymous feelings on management’s representation, such as an employee suggestion box, and then utilizing the feedback to make revisions that can retain employee confidence in control.
A company has many levels of information–from management to employees, between stations, between management groups, and between individual employees. To keep morale, communication lines need to remain open, and relevant information must be tackled in a timely fashion. For example, if a small number of layoffs are being planned, then it is important to communicate the magnitude of the layoffs to employees so that rumors do not get spread that could shatter morale. Laying off employees usually has a negative impact on morale, but allowing employees that are not scheduled to be laid off to believe that they could damage confidence even further.
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