Types of Change and steps in the change process in an Organization

There are several types of changes, which may occur for achieving objectives. These types of changes are as follows:

Types of change

  1. Reactive Change: Reactive change is a piecemeal response to circumstance as they develop. Reactive change occurs hurriedly; the potential for poorly conceived and executive change is increased.
  2. Planned Change: Planned change is a change that is designed and executed in an orderly and timely manager for the achievement of future objectives.

Steps in the Change Process

A change process follows some steps. These steps start form recognition of the need for change to evaluation of outcomes. In the following paragraphs, the various steps for change may be discussed in short and may be shown below:

  1. Recognition of the need for change: There may be need for change but it is not recognized by the authority, that change cannot take place. Need for change should be recognized first.
  2. Establishment of goals: At the second stage, goals of change are to be established. Because without goal, the whole change process cannot be completed. Establishment of goals can increase the speed of change.
  3. Diagnosis of relevant variables: Some variables are supposed to be identified at this stage of change process, if the diagnosis is correct, change activities may be completed as per proper direction.
  4. Selection of appropriate technique: At the fourth stage of change process, appropriate methods are to be selected. Success of the change process depends on the proper selection of right method of change.

    types_of_change

    Types of Change

  5. Planning for implementations of change: How change will be implementation, concrete plan must be designed. This is one of the most important stages of change. Implementation of plan should be perfect. Good plan may sometimes reduce the loss.
  6. Actual implementation: After formulating the implementation plan, the next step is to execute that plan, Successful implementation can ensure expected outcome of change.
  7. Evaluation and follow-up: This stage of change process deals with whether change has brought expected results or not. Results of change can be measured at this stage. If any lapse is seen, that can help the planners to revise the change plan.

The above stages along with the figure have been adopted from R.W griffins book Management. An organizational can follow these stages for making any change expected.

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