Existence and use of power are endemic to every organization. So it is very important from the organization’s point of view. The importance of power in an organization can be judged from the following points:
It is necessary for survival and growth: There are so many jobs in an organization and each job has its different value to the organization. Some jobs are more important for organizational survival and growth than others. The importance of the job itself brings power to those jobholders regardless of the individual and their leadership qualities. Such job holders influence decisions.
The organization itself allocates power: The importance of power lies in the fact that the organization itself allocates power to the persons. It does so in two ways:
- by creating hierarchical levels, i.e., structural power, and
- By dividing work among members resulting in specialization, i.e., functional power.
The organization gives the authority to personal having structural power in order to enable him to play his role assigned to him in that hierarchical chain. The higher the hierarchical level the greater the amount of authority.
It means structural power is institutionalized power. But simply holding the power does not make the position-holder powerful unless he makes use of it. If he does not question the erosion of his power, it will weaken.
Functional power is derived from the fancier’s, one performs, i.e., the jobs that one does. The division of labor and specialization provides dependence upon one another.
That dependence creates power. The important job an individual does; the greater is his power. The power is increased by the scarce skill, experience, access to higher persons, and information.
Thus, the power position in an organization is very important from the organizational point of view. The organization must consider the power centers before taking any decision.
Related Content of Organizational Power:
- What is the Meaning of Organizational Power?
- Two Faces of Power Proposed by David McClelland
- Theories of Organizational Power
- Tactical Dimensions or Strategies of Power
- Advantages and Disadvantages of Autocratic Leadership
- Advantages and Disadvantages of Democratic Leadership
- What is the Definition of Authority?
- What are the Characteristics of Authority?
- Difference between Power, Authority, and Influence
- Difference between Power and Authority
- The Elements of Power
- Sources of Power in an Organization
- Forms of Power in an Organization
- Measurement of Power in an Organization
- Disadvantages of Individual Power
- Impact of Power on Others
- Unequal Power in a Team