Characteristics of Effective Leadership

What qualities a leader has, is subject to differences of opinion among distinguished thinkers. Characteristics of effective leadership as given by various thinkers are given in the table below:-

Characteristics of effective leadership

Sl. No.


Qualities of leader

1 F.M. Viscount Shim
  1. Courage
  2. Will power
  3. Judgment
  4. Flexibility
  5. Knowledge
  6. Integrity
2 Ordway Tead
  1. Physical and Nervous Energy
  2. Enthusiasm
  3. Sense of purpose and direction
  4. Technical Mastery
  5. Integrity
  6. Technical skill
  7. Friendliness and affection
  8. Decisiveness
  9. Intelligence
  10. Faith
3 Henry Fayol
  1. Health and physical fitness
  2. Intelligence & mental vigor
  3. Moral qualities
  4. Knowledge
  5. Managerial ability
4 Chester I.  Bernard
  1. Vitality and endurance
  2. Decisiveness
  3. Persuasiveness
  4. Stability
  5. Intellectual capacity
  6. Knowledge

Broadly we may group these qualities in the following four categories:-

  1. Physical qualities
    1. Sound health: Sound health is necessary for every human but a leader must have sound health so that he can concentrate on his work fully. This is one of the most important physical qualities of a leader.
    2. Vitality and endurance: Any man can not succeed without vitality and endurance. Most of the time a leader struggle with his demand so vitality and endurance are essential for a good leader.
  2. Psychological qualities 
    1. Personal Magnetism: A leader should have the ability to attract people by his personality. I think this is one of the greatest important characteristics of effective leadership. Anyone can’t avoid the necessity of personal magnetism.
    2. Enthusiasm: A leader should be much enthusiastic because he should start the work and he wants to be a pioneer so, without enthusiasm, one can not be a good leader.
    3. Co-operation: Everyone expects co-operation from a leader. Without a cooperative mentality, one can not get popularity as a leader. So, this is another essential psychological qualities of a leader.
    4. Ability to inspire
    5. Forcefulness
    6. Tact
  3. Intellectual Traits 
    1. A high degree of intelligence
    2. An open mind
    3. A capacity for sound judgment
    4. An ability to teach
    5. A scientific Approach
  4. Qualities of character
    1. Integrity
    2. Self-discipline
    3. Fair play
    4. Willingness to accept responsibility
    5. Physical & moral courage
    6. Humanism

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